Two-room apartment furnished and equipped with every comfort in the heart of the city center
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Check-in: 4:00 PM
Check-out: 11:00 AM
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The Castello district is the oldest of the four historic districts of the city of Cagliari. It stands in a prominent position, on a hill, about a hundred meters above sea level. The Pisans founded this district in the thirteenth century, fortified it, providing it with walls, towers and bastions and established the headquarters of civil, military and religious power. Since then, until after World War II, Castello has always hosted the palaces of power and noble residences, such as the headquarters of the main institutions of the Kingdom of Sardinia.
The medieval district of Castello is the symbol and the heart of the city of Cagliari, with its mighty walls that still surround most of the Castle perimeter, the imposing towers of Pisa San Pancrazio and the Elephant, the Bastion of Saint Remy and the Porta dei Leoni, the Cathedral of Santa Maria, the narrow alleys and the old noble palaces, such as the Royal Palace or Viceregio, the museum pole of the Cittadella dei Musei, the antique shops and artisans' shops.
Fortifications and towers of Castello
The 2 towers of Pisa, the Tower of San Pancrazio, which stands on the highest point of the city, and the Tower of the Elephant, which owes its name to the small stone elephant placed on a corner shelf, and the Tower of the Eagle.
The Bastion of Saint Remy, adorned with palms, holm oaks and Aleppo pines, was built at the end of the 19th century on the ancient Spanish bastions of the Mint and the Sperone, with a granite and yellow and white limestone facade. The Terrazza Umberto I, the belvedere of Cagliari, and the Passeggiata Coperta were built later, in the early 1900s. From the Bastion of St. Remy can see the historic districts of Marina and Villanova, to glimpse the Campidarno plain, the Molentargius pond, and in the distance the peaks of the Sette Fratelli. The esplanade of the ramparts is home every Sunday morning a characteristic flea market, and the covered promenade hosts exhibitions and events.
The district, since its foundation official headquarters of the main authorities of the place, as well as residence by noble Sardinian families, still offers the opportunity to admire the ancient buildings in which they wrote large chapters of the history of Sardinia.
The Royal Palace (or Palazzo Viceregio), currently the seat of the Prefecture and meeting room of the Provincial Council, was the residence of the viceroy of the Kingdom of Sardinia and later hosted the Savoy in exile from Piedmont. The façade is decorated with a long succession of pilasters; inside the most significant elements are the vault of the atrium, the staircase and the hall of representation. Then the Ex Palazzo di Città, the former municipal seat of Cagliari until the end of the nineteenth century, the Archbishop's Palace, the Palazzo delle Seziate, adjacent to the tower of San Pancrazio, where the sessions were held (seziate) during which the viceroy he listened to the requests of the prisoners of the nearby tower; the Palace of the University, a vast eighteenth-century complex in Piedmontese Baroque style, the main seat of the University of Cagliari which includes the offices of the rectory, the great hall, the university library and the "Luigi Piloni" art collection.
Then the Palazzo Boyl, in neoclassical style, which incorporates in its structure the Portico delle Grazie and the remains of the fourteenth-century Torre dell'Aquila, and finally Il Palazzo comunale, built in the early twentieth century in neo-Gothic style with mullioned windows and turrets. You can visit by appointment to admire the paintings by Giovanni Marghinotti and Filippo Figari and the Triptych of the Councilors, in the hall of the junta.
Churches of Castello
In the Castello district there are seven churches: in the Aragonese Gothic style belong the Church of the Purissima, the Church of Santa Lucia, the Church of the Madonna della Speranza, the Church of Santa Maria del Monte, in the past the oratory of the oldest confraternity of Cagliari and today seat of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. The Basilica of Santa Croce, belonging to the Order of Saints Maurizio and Lazzaro, and the Church of San Giuseppe Calasanzio, formerly the Church of the Scolopi, belong to the Baroque style.
The most important is the Cathedral of Santa Maria, built by the Pisans in the thirteenth century, which has undergone profound stylistic changes over the centuries. In 1930 the façade was rebuilt in an attempt to give back to the church the original Tuscan Romanesque style, lost over the centuries. The interior, with three naves, with raised presbytery and transept, preserves the pulpit that Mastro Guglielmo carved for the Cathedral of Pisa, later donated to the city of Cagliari, as well as some XV and XVI century paintings and wooden sculptures of the fourteenth century. Under the high altar a crypt is dug with the tombs of princes of the House of Savoy, in addition to the remains of the martyrs found in the Basilica of San Saturnino. On request we can also visit the Capitular Museum, where the most important works of the Treasure of the Cathedral are collected.